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  • Alex Onea

Types of Electric Cars: EV, MHEV, FCEV, PHEV and EREV

As it is already known, electric cars are becoming increasingly popular. We are witnessing a growing trend among car users who are transitioning from conventional combustion engine vehicles to electric cars. However, when it comes to buying an electric car, you encounter a sector where you can see that you have a variety of options to choose from among different types.

In this article, we want to provide a brief description of the different types of electric cars. We will talk about EVs, MHEVs, FCEVs, PHEVs, and EREVs. As you can see, and it is understandable, you can be faced with quite a challenge when you want to buy a new electric car. What each option means and represents, we will explain in the following paragraphs to help you make the perfect choice according to each individual's needs.

In these days, electric vehicles have become increasingly popular for mobility, with advancements in technology leading to various types of electric vehicles beyond traditional battery-powered ones. Next, we will see what types of electric cars there are on the market.

What is an EV?

Firstly, EV stands for electric vehicle and they are 100% battery electric. These vehicles are powered solely by one or more electric motors, drawing energy from rechargeable batteries connected to the electrical grid. Examples include Tesla Model 3, Nissan Leaf, and Renault ZOE.

What is an MHEV?

MHEV stands for Mild Hybrid Electric Vehicles. Essentially, MHEVs are hybrid vehicles with mild electrification, featuring a traditional internal combustion engine alongside a more powerful electric starter motor. They utilize a 48V lithium battery to support various electric systems in the vehicle, such as air conditioning and safety features.

What is an FCEV?

FCEV stands for Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles. Unlike other electric vehicles, FCEVs do not have batteries but rely on fuel cells to store energy, typically using hydrogen. They produce only water and vapor emissions and are exemplified by models like the Hyundai Nexo and Toyota Mirai.

What is a PHEV?

The term PHEV stands for Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles. PHEVs combine electric and internal combustion engines, allowing them to operate in electric-only mode for a limited range before switching to the combustion engine. Notable examples include the Kia Niro PHEV and Hyundai Ioniq.

What is an EREV?

The term EREV stands for Extended Range Electric Vehicles. In this case, EREVs are similar to battery electric vehicles but feature a small combustion engine acting as a generator to charge the battery when depleted. They offer extended range capabilities, such as the Fisker Karma and BMW i3 REx.

In conclusion, we hope that this brief introduction to the world of electric cars will assist you when you decide what to purchase. The electric vehicle market has expanded to offer a wide range of types of electric cars, from traditional battery-powered EVs to innovative FCEVs and EREVs. While each type has its benefits, such as reduced emissions, they also face challenges like pricing and infrastructure. However, as technology advances, electric vehicles are ready to play a significant role in creating a more sustainable future. Their adoption represents a crucial step towards reducing our dependence on fossil fuels and combating climate change.

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